Die Heuning Pot Literature Guide
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Citations

1 Ho Chi Minh quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 172.
2 The Pentagon Papers, Gravel Edition, Vol. 1 (Boston: Beacon Press, 1971), 593.
3 President John F. Kennedy, "News Conference 58," State Department Auditorium, Washington, D.C. (17 July 1963; transcript available through the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum, http://www.jfklibrary.org, accessed 9 January 2009.
4 The Pentagon Papers, Gravel Edition, Vol. 1 (Boston: Beacon Press, 1971), 593.
5 The Pentagon Papers, Gravel Edition, Vol. 1 (Boston: Beacon Press, 1971), quoted in Leon F. Litwack and Winthrop D. Jordan, The United States: Becoming a World Power, Vol. II (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), 774.
6 "Land of Compulsory Joy," Time, 22 November 1954.
7 For more information on Ho Chi Minh's land reform campaign and its violent repercussions, see "50 Years On, Vietnamese Remember Land Reform Terror," on Radio Free Asia, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/2006/06/08/vietnam_landreform/, accessed 9 January 2009.
8 President John F. Kennedy, "News Conference 58," State Department Auditorium, Washington, D.C. (17 July 1963; transcript available through the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum, http://www.jfklibrary.org, accessed 9 January 2009.
9 "The Jungle Marxist," Time, 16 July 1965.
10 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 133.
11 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 134.
12 Robert McNamara to Lyndon B. Johnson, quoted in R. W. Apple Jr., "McNamara Recalls, and Regrets, Vietnam," New York Times, 9 April 1995.
13 Lyndon B. Johnson's Address to the Nation, 31 March 1968; transcript available at Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum, http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/680331.asp, accessed 9 January 2009.
14 Leon F. Litwack and Winthrop D. Jordan, The United States: Becoming a World Power, Vol. II (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), 813.
15 Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1991), 334; Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 135.
16 "The Faces of the American Dead in Vietnam: One Week's Toll," Life, 27 June 1969.
17 Stanley Karnow, "The Time 100: Ho Chi Minh," Time, 13 April 1998.
18 Vicki Goldberg, "Photography View: In a Rifle's Flash, a Lasting Icon of a Nation's Pain," New York Times, 30 April 1995.
19 Time [cover], 12 May 1975.
20 Gallup Poll conducted 27 August 1965 to 13 November 2000, http://institution.gallup.com.
21 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 133.
22 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 134.
23 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 134.
24 Harry Maurer, Strange Ground: An Oral History of Americans in Vietnam, 1945-1975 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998), 134.
25 Record Counts by Country of Casualty, Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; records available through the National Archives and Records Administration, http://www.archives.gov.
26 Charles Hirschman, Samuel Preston, and Vu Manh Loi, "Vietnamese Casualties During the American War: A New Estimate," Population and Development Review 21:4 (December 1995), 807; George McGovern, "The Last Nixon," Rolling Stone, no. 684 (16 June 1994), 45.
27 Record Counts by Year of Death or Declaration of Death, Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; records available through the National Archives and Records Administration, or http://www.archives.gov.
28 Record Counts by Age at Time of Death or Declaration of Death, Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; records available through the National Archives and Records Administration, http://www.archives.gov.
29 Record Counts by Race, Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; records available through the National Archives and Records Administration, http://www.archives.gov.
30 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
31 Record counts by Sex, Southeast Asia Combat Area Casualties Current File in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense; records available through the National Archives and Records Administration, http://www.archives.gov.
32 Gallop Poll conducted on 19 August 1969; see http://institution.gallup.com.
33 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
34 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
35 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
36 Ho Chi Minh, "Declaration of Independence, Democratic Republic of Vietnam," delivered in Hanoi, Vietnam 2 September 1945; full text availiable , http://coombs.anu.edu.au/~vern/van_kien/declar.html, accessed 9 January 2009.
37 President Harry S. Truman, "Address Before a Joint Session of Congress," 12 March 1947; full transcript available from the Avalon Project at Yale Law School, http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/trudoc.htm, accessed 9 January 2009.
38 Ho Chi Minh, "Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam," in Bernard B. Fall (ed.), On Revolution: Selected Writings, 1920-66 (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1967), 143-145; full text of the Declaration available at http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/d/583/, accessed 9 January 2009.
39 George C. Marshall to U.S. Embassy Paris, 3 February 1947, quoted in George C. Herring, America's Longest War (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996), 13.
40 Gen. Lawton Collins, quoted in James T. Patterson, Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945-1974 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), 294.
41 Dwight D. Eisenhower, Inaugural Address, 20 January 1953; full text available at the Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum online, http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/speeches/1953_inaugural_address.html, accessed 9 January 2009.
42 Dwight D. Eisenhower, Presidential Press Conference, 7 April 1954, availiable at http://www.vietnamwar.net/Eisenhower-2.htm, accessed 9 January 2009.
43 Secretary of State John Foster Dulles quoted in George C. Herring, America's Longest War (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996), 17.
44 Christopher J Kauffman, "Politics, Programs, and Protests: Catholic Relief Services in Vietnam, 1954-1975," The Catholic Historical Review 91:2 (Washington: April 2005), 223-231.
45 Figure quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 53.
46 John F. Kennedy quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 58-59.
47 JCS member quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 102.
48 President Lyndon B. Johnson, "Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union," 8 January 1964; transcript available from the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum online, http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/640108.asp, accessed 9 January 2009.
49 Lyndon B. Johnson quoted in Doris Kearns, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), 251.
50 Lyndon B. Johnson, "Address to the Nation," 31 March 1968; full text available through the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum online, http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/speeches.hom/680331.asp, accessed 9 January 2009.
51 See James Gerstenzang, "Nixon Dies...," Los Angeles Times, 23 April 1994, 1; Alexander Cockburn, "Tony Lake Is Prepped for a Sham Fight," Los Angeles Times, 7 February 1997, 9; George McGovern, "The Last Nixon," Rolling Stone (16 June 1994), 45.
52 Gallup Poll conducted in December 1971, see http://institution.gallup.com.
53 Full text of the letter from Ron Ridenhour describing the My Lai massacre, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/vietnam/ridenhour_letter.cfm, accessed 9 January 2009.
54 Full text of the letter from Ron Ridenhour describing the My Lai massacre, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/vietnam/ridenhour_letter.cfm, accessed 9 January 2009.
55 Herbert L. Carter, "Testimony to U.S. Army CID, 1969", in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 80.
56 Herbert L. Carter, "Testimony to U.S. Army CID, 1969", in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 80.
57 William L. Calley, "Testimony at Court-Martial, 1970," in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 185.
58 William Wilson, "I Had Prayed to God that This Thing Was Fiction," in James S. Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998).
59 MACV (Military Assistance Command, Vietnam) Pocket Card, "The Enemy in Your Hands," September 1967; see full text of all MACV Pocket Cards distributed to U.S. armed forces in Vietnam, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mylai/Myl_wmac.htm, accessed 9 January 2009.
60 MACV (Miliatry Assistance Command, Vietnam) Pocket Card, "Nine Rules," September 1967; see full text of all MACV Pocket Cards distributed to U.S. armed forces in Vietnam, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mylai/Myl_wmac.htm, accessed 9 January 2009.
61 Varnado Simpson and Michael Bernhardt quoted in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 17.
62 John Kifner, "Lessons of History?" New York Times, 28 December 2003.
63 Jack Langguth from New York Times, 5 June 1965, quoted in Howard Zinn, Postwar America, 1945-1971 (Cambridge: South End Press, 1973, 2002), 85.
64 Donald Duncan, "The Whole Thing Was a Lie!" Ramparts, February 1966.
65 Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 197.
66 Martin Luther King, Jr. quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 199.
67 Robert McNamara quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 120.
68 Captain's report quoted in Edwin E. Moise, Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War (Raleigh: University of North Carolina Press, 1996), 143.
69 President Lyndon B. Johnson, quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 119.
70 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, "A Joint Resolution of Congress," approved 7 August 1964; availiable at http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/11/documents/tonkin/, accessed 9 January 2009.
71 Christopher J Kauffman, "Politics, Programs, and Protests: Catholic Relief Services in Vietnam, 1954-1975," The Catholic Historical Review 91:2 (Washington: April 2005), pp. 223-231.
72 Catholic priest quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 95.
73 "Trial by Fire," Time, 21 June 1963.
74 Ngo Dinh Nhu quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 96.
75 Letters in Time, 10 December 1965.
76 "The Pacifists," Time Magazine, 12 November 1965.
77 "The Human Voice Means More," Time, 19 November 1965.
78 Gallup Poll administered 19 February 1965; see http://institution.gallup.com.
79 Gallup Polls administered 12 December 1969 and 1 April 1971; see http://institution.gallup.com.
80 William Wilson, "I Had Prayed to God that This Thing Was Fiction," in James S. Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998).
81 Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 63.
82 Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 96.
83 Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 203.
84 Vicki Goldberg, "Photography View: In a Rifle's Flash, a Lasting Icon of a Nation's Pain," New York Times, 30 April 1995.
85 Bob Dylan, "Masters of War," The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan (Columbia, 1963).
86 "Trial by Fire," Time, 21 June 1963.
87 David Halberstam, The Making of a Quagmire (New York: Random House, 1965), 211.
88 Lyndon B. Johnson quoted in Doris Kearns, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), 251.
89 "The Human Voice Means More," Time, 19 November 1965.
90 Ho Chi Minh quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 172.
91 Martin Luther King, Jr. quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 199.
92 Robert McNamara to Lyndon B. Johnson, quoted in R. W. Apple Jr., "McNamara Recalls, and Regrets, Vietnam," New York Times, 9 April 1995.
93 Varnado Simpson quoted in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 16.
94 William Wilson, "I Had Prayed To God That This Thing Was Fiction, 1990," in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 152.
95 William L. Calley, "Testimony at Court-Martial, 1970," in James Stuart Olson and Randy Roberts (eds.), My Lai: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: Bedford Books, 1998), 185.
96 American news executive quoted in Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars, 1945-1990 (New York: HarperCollins, 1991), 262.
97 Hearts and Minds, Peter Davis, dir. (BBS Productions, 1974).
98 Parents Guide for Apocalypse Now, the Internet Movie Database, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0078788/parentalguide.
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