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by Joseph Heller

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literature, Philosophy, and Mythology

  • Washington Irving (Introduced in 1.12, repeated repeatedly after that).
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs: Tarzan of the Apes (2.48)
  • William Shakespeare (2.48): HamletFortinbras (29.38)
  • Homer (2.48): The Odyssey – Ulysses (2.48), The Iliad – Achilles (38.3)
  • J.M. Synge: Deirdre of the Sorrows (2.48)
  • T.S. Eliot: "Sweeney among the Nightingales" (2.48)
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Crime and PunishmentRaskolnikov (2.58)
  • John Milton (9.117)
  • Plato (29.7)
  • Nietzsche (29.7)
  • Michel de Montaigne (29.7)
  • Marquis de Sade (29.7)
  • The Bible: Cain (2.48), Lot in Sodom (2.48), Saul (9.19), Tree of life (24.96), Tree of knowledge (24.96)

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