ELA: KINDERGARTEN - GRADE 12
LITERACY: GRADES 6 - 12
Standard 1: Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Breakin’ it Down:
This standard looks almost the same for informational texts as it does for literature. It’s all about going back to the text and looking for tiny details to support a claim or an inference. The only difference is that instead of making inferences about character motivations (as they would in literature), students need to make inferences about the author’s beliefs in informational texts or decide what the author would agree or disagree with, based on clues.
Don’t assume that students who have mastered this standard with regard to fiction are going to ace it with technical texts as well! This is a whole different beast. And one of the reasons this standard seems to be more of a challenge with informational texts is simply due to the range of technical vocabulary and background knowledge that students will need in order to understand what’s happening.
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Teaching Guides Using this Standard
- 1984 Teacher Pass
- A Raisin in the Sun Teacher Pass
- A Rose For Emily Teacher Pass
- A View from the Bridge Teacher Pass
- Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Teacher Pass
- Animal Farm Teacher Pass
- Antigone Teacher Pass
- Beowulf Teacher Pass
- Brave New World Teacher Pass
- Death of a Salesman Teacher Pass
- Fahrenheit 451 Teacher Pass
- Fences Teacher Pass
- Frankenstein Teacher Pass
- Grapes Of Wrath Teacher Pass
- Great Expectations Teacher Pass
- Hamlet Teacher Pass
- Heart of Darkness Teacher Pass
- Julius Caesar Teacher Pass
- King Lear Teacher Pass
- Lord of the Flies Teacher Pass
- Macbeth Teacher Pass
- Moby Dick Teacher Pass
- Narrative of Frederick Douglass Teacher Pass
- Oedipus the King Teacher Pass
- Of Mice and Men Teacher Pass
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Teacher Pass
- Othello Teacher Pass
- Romeo and Juliet Teacher Pass
- Sula Teacher Pass
- The Aeneid Teacher Pass
- The As I Lay Dying Teacher Pass
- The Bluest Eye Teacher Pass
- The Canterbury Tales General Prologue Teacher Pass
- The Canterbury Tales: The Miller's Tale Teacher Pass
- The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath's Prologue Teacher Pass
- The Cask of Amontillado Teacher Pass
- The Catch-22 Teacher Pass
- The Catcher in the Rye Teacher Pass
- The Crucible Teacher Pass
- The Great Gatsby Teacher Pass
- The House on Mango Street Teacher Pass
- The Iliad Teacher Pass
- The Lottery Teacher Pass
- The Metamorphosis Teacher Pass
- The Odyssey Teacher Pass
- The Old Man and the Sea Teacher Pass
- The Scarlet Letter Teacher Pass
- The Tell-Tale Heart Teacher Pass
- Their Eyes Were Watching God Teacher Pass
- Things Fall Apart Teacher Pass
- To Kill a Mockingbird Teacher Pass
- Twilight Teacher Pass
- Wide Sargasso Sea Teacher Pass
- Wuthering Heights Teacher Pass
Teacher Feature: Ideas for the classroom
1. HATCHLING: Annotation Nation
Sharpen those pencils – they are going to fly! As students read, get them in the habit of writing short summaries or the most important points in the margins of informational texts. Some teachers develop annotation symbols to guide students. Got students who aren’t ready to dive in by themselves? No problem! Just give them some guiding questions and ask them to gather evidence to answer those questions. Suggestions:
- What’s the topic? If it’s a topic you’ve never heard of, what evidence did you find to help you figure it out?
- What are the 3 most important details about the topic?
- Who’s the audience?
- What is the author’s opinion? Look for words that indicate judgment or criticism (positive or negative).
2. TAKE FLIGHT: Take advantage of the Internet.
Start compiling released test items from college entrance tests. There are tons of websites where you can get tests for free – and Shmoop resources are a great place to start! The ACT is especially useful because they have Natural Science passages and Social Science passages that are overwhelmingly informational.
Give students practice test questions that focus on finding specific details in the text. A large majority of the questions on the ACT Reading are just asking students to read what is written. Ask students to write explanations of why certain answers are right or wrong. It will force them to go back to the nitty-gritty details of the passage for their analysis.
Quiz QuestionsHere's an example of a quiz that could be used to test this standard.
- CAHSEE ELA 3.1 Writing: Developing Main Idea and Analyzing Sources
- CAHSEE ELA 3.2 Writing: Developing Main Idea and Analyzing Sources
- CAHSEE ELA 3.3 Writing: Developing Main Idea and Analyzing Sources
- CAHSEE ELA 3.4 Writing: Developing Main Idea and Analyzing Sources
- CAHSEE ELA 3.5 Writing: Developing Main Idea and Analyzing Sources
- ACT English 5.11 Passage Drill
- ACT Science 2.4 Conflicting Viewpoint Passage