In The Kite Runner, Hosseini directly compares the arrival of war to a loss of innocence. (Soon after an invading army shows up, the narrator watches his best friend get raped.) The book also explores war as experienced from a distance, either through memory or through the media and televised war. Hosseini interrogates the effect of war on our social structures as well: Do economic class and ethnicity dissolve in the face of war or do these categories become even more rigid? It's not all horror and gloom, though. In the end, Hosseini wants to show us how honor and dignity can survive in the midst of war.