We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Song of Solomon

Song of Solomon


by Toni Morrison

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Biblical References

  • Old Testament, Song of Songs (referenced through the novel’s title)
  • Reba (throughout)
  • Pilate (throughout)
  • Hagar (throughout)
  • First Corinthians (throughout)
  • Magdalene called Lena (throughout)
  • Ruth (throughout)
  • Solomon (throughout)
  • Jake/Jacob (throughout)

Mythological and Folklore References

  • Circe (throughout)
  • Hansel and Gretel (2.10.1)

Historical References

  • Abraham Lincoln (1.2.159)
  • Malcolm X (1.6.108)
  • General Robert E. Lee (1.2.159)
  • Mary Todd (1.2.159)
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1.2.159)
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1.3.75)
  • John F. Kennedy (1.4.157; 2.10.50)
  • Winnie Ruth Judd (1.4.75)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...