* Site-Outage Notice: Our engineering elves will be tweaking the Shmoop site from Monday, December 22 10:00 PM PST to Tuesday, December 23 5:00 AM PST. The site will be unavailable during this time.
© 2014 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Song of Solomon

Song of Solomon

by Toni Morrison

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Biblical References

  • Old Testament, Song of Songs (referenced through the novel’s title)
  • Reba (throughout)
  • Pilate (throughout)
  • Hagar (throughout)
  • First Corinthians (throughout)
  • Magdalene called Lena (throughout)
  • Ruth (throughout)
  • Solomon (throughout)
  • Jake/Jacob (throughout)

Mythological and Folklore References

  • Circe (throughout)
  • Hansel and Gretel (2.10.1)

Historical References

  • Abraham Lincoln (1.2.159)
  • Malcolm X (1.6.108)
  • General Robert E. Lee (1.2.159)
  • Mary Todd (1.2.159)
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1.2.159)
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1.3.75)
  • John F. Kennedy (1.4.157; 2.10.50)
  • Winnie Ruth Judd (1.4.75)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Noodle's College Search