The story and message of "The Yellow Wallpaper" are rooted in a very specific class and societal dynamic. The narrator is a member of the upper class; she and her husband are wealthy enough to take a summer off and have servants cater to their every need. In this fashion, the narrator’s story may be critiqued for limiting itself to the troubles of wealthy women. The society described in "The Yellow Wallpaper" concerns not only a certain class, but also a certain type of society, in which women play limited roles.
Working-class women can identify with the narrator’s story of women’s oppression by men.
Working-class women may have trouble identifying with "The Yellow Wallpaper" because the narrator’s story deals very specifically with the problems experienced by women of the upper class.